Forensic Chemistry & Toxicology

Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry to law enforcement, it encompasses organic and inorganic analysis, toxicology , arson investigation, firearms and explosives. Each method of analysis uses specialized techniques and instrumentation, also involves the physical and chemical examination of evidences, such as body fluids, fibres and drugs. Many different analytical methods may be used to reveal what chemical changes occurred during an incident, and so help reconstruct the sequence of events. Forensic chemistry is unique among chemical sciences.

Forensic toxicology is the use of toxicology and other disciplines such as analytical chemistry, to aid the legal investigation of death, poisoning, and drug use. Forensic toxicology is the study of alcohol, drugs (licit and illicit), and poisons, including their chemical composition, preparations, and identification. It includes knowledge about the absorption, distribution, and elimination characteristics of such substances in the body, to understand drug action one must know where and how the effects occur in the body.

Instruments that are helpful in investigating forensic chemistry-related cases

T Basic Instrument
  1. Centrifuge machine
  2. Chemical weighing balance
  3. Digital pH meter
  4. Digital potentiometer
  5. Distillation assembly
  6. TLC Plate Maker
  7. Hot plate with Magnetic stirrer
  8. Digital conductivity meter
  9. Digital Spectrophotometer
  10. Colorimeter
  11. Vaccum pump
  12. Refractometer
  13. Oven
  14. Chemical balance
  15. Uv cabinet
  16. Water bath 12 hole with thermostat
  17. Ostwald Viscometer
  18. Stalagnometer
  19. Muffer Furnace
  20. Flame Photometer
  21. Microwave Oven
  22. Breath Analyser
  23. Extraction Soxlet Apparatus
  24. Distillation assembly
  25. Projector
  26. Smart Board
T Basic Instrument
  1. Pallet maker for FTIR
  2. Desiccators
  3. Digital turbidity meter
  4. Pipette washer
  5. Bulk density apparatus
  6. Hot plate soxlet with six plats
  7. Stop watch
  8. Voltas Deep freezer- 320 Lit.
  9. Voltas Cooler 220 Lit.
  10. Flame Photometer
  11. Microwave Oven
  12. Breath Analyser
  13. Extraction Soxlet Apparatus
  14. Distillation assembly
  15. Projector
  16. Smart Board
  17. Pallet maker for FTIR
  18. Desiccators
  19. Digital turbidity meter
  20. Pipette washer
  21. Bulk density apparatus
  22. Hot plate soxlet with six plats
  23. Stop watch
  24. Voltas Deep freezer- 320 Lit.
  25. Voltas Cooler 220 Lit.
Sophisticated Instrumen
  1. GC-MS (Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy).
  2. HPLC (High-performance liquid chromatography).
  3. UV-Visible spectrophotometer
  4. Virtual melting point apparatus
  5. Rotary evaporator
  6. FT-IR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy).
  7. TGA (Thermal gravimetric analysis).
  8. Gas Generator (N2, O2, H2)
  9. Gas Chromatography (GC)